man spraying bug spray on arm

Insect Repellent Info

The CDC (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention) recommends the use of products containing active ingredients which have been registered with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for use as repellents applied to skin and clothing.


Of the products registered with the EPA, those containing DEET, picaridin, IR3535, and some oil of lemon eucalyptus and para-menthane-diol products provide longer-lasting protection.


EPA registration means that EPA does not expect the product to cause adverse effects to human health or the environment when used according to the label.

·      MDPH Fact Sheet – Mosquito Repellents


·      MDPH Fact Sheet – Tick Repellents


·      CDC FAQ: Insect Repellent Use & Safety


·      Insect Repellents: Use and Effectiveness from the EPA


·      Insect Repellents: EPA Registered vs. Unregistered Pesticides


·      Information on Picaridin, an alternative repellent: Picaridin General Fact Sheet | Picaridin Technical Fact Sheet | EPA New Pesticide Fact Sheet


·      Use care when considering natural repellents or pesticides – click this link for more information, from the book “Prevention of Bites, Stings & Disease” by Daniel Strickman et al, Oxford Press 2009.


·      Comparative Efficacy of Insect Repellents Against Mosquito Bites (.pdf) click this link to a report on comparison between DEET and other products. Published in the New England Journal of Medicine.


·      Mosquitoes and Mosquito Repellents: A Clinicians Guide (.htm) click this link for scientific and detailed information to guide you in seeking ways to minimize mosquito bites. From the Annals of Internal Medicine website.





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