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Mosquito Research papers:


REPELLENT STUDIES:

Information on Picaridin, an alternative repellent: Picaridin General Fact Sheet | Picaridin Technical Fact Sheet | EPA New Pesticide Fact Sheet

 

Use care when considering natural repellents or pesticides – click this link for more information, from the book “Prevention of Bites, Stings & Disease” by Daniel Strickman et al, Oxford Press 2009.

Comparative Efficacy of Insect Repellents Against Mosquito Bites (.pdf) click this link to a report on comparison between DEET and other products. Published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Mosquitoes and Mosquito Repellents: A Clinicians Guide (.htm) click this link for scientific and detailed information to guide you in seeking ways to minimize mosquito bites. From the Annals of Internal Medicine website.

COST/BENEFIT STUDIES:

COST OF WNV DISEASE AMONG HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS: Initial and Long-Term Costs of Patients Hospitalized with West Nile Virus Disease There are no published data on the economic burden for specific West Nile virus (WNV) clinical syndromes (i.e., fever, meningitis, encephalitis, and acute flaccid paralysis [AFP]). We estimated initial hospital and lost-productivity costs from 80 patients hospitalized with WNV disease in Colorado during 2003; 38 of these patients were followed for 5 years to determine long-term medical and lost-productivity costs. Initial costs were highest for patients with AFP (median $25,117; range $5,385–$283,381) and encephalitis (median $20,105; range $3,965–$324,167). Long-term costs were highest for patients with AFP (median $22,628; range $624–$439,945) and meningitis (median $10,556; range $0–$260,748). Extrapolating from this small cohort to national surveillance data, we estimated the total cumulative costs of reported WNV hospitalized cases from 1999 to 2012 to be $778 million (95% confidence interval $673 million–$1.01 billion). These estimates can be used in assessing the cost-effectiveness of interventions to prevent WNV disease.

An economic assessment of the benefits of mosquito abatement in an organized mosquito control district A case study application of contingent valuation to the measurement of mosquito program benefits is presented. Annual program benefits in Jefferson County, TX are estimated to exceed costs by 1.8 times. Mean household benefits are $22.44 for owners and $18.96 for renters. Using ordinary least squares procedures these household benefits were found to be related to household socioeconomic characteristics, effectiveness of control efforts and environmental concerns.

An evaluation of a community based mosquito abatement program: residents' satisfaction, economic benefits and correlates of support Using survey data from a random sample of residents, the efficacy of a comprehensive mosquito abatement program in Stuttgart, Arkansas, was evaluated. The findings indicate very high levels of satisfaction with abatement efforts among the residents. Additionally, estimates of benefit/cost ratios indicate benefits far outweigh costs. Regression analysis indicates that income and education are positively associated with level of support although there is a negative age effect.

PESTICIDE STUDIES:

2012 EEE Aerial Spray Summary State Reclamation and Mosquito Control Board (.pdf) The aerial mosquito control spray operation results confirmed a marked reduction in the abundance of target mosquitoes. This reduction in mosquito abundance translates to a reduction in risk of enzootic and epizootic EEEv transmission. Meteorological conditions were challenging during this particular operation as verified by droplet collection monitoring during the operation. Decreasing temperature caused early suspension of spraying on July 20th and again on July 21st, when wind conditions were deemed to be too calm. Despite these meteorological challenges, the mosquito population was measurably reduced as a result of the operation as announced by DPH. On July 30, 2012, DPH health officials announced that there was a significant decline in mosquito population following aerial spraying in Southeastern Massachusetts with an overall reduction of sixty percent (60%).

http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/agr/mosquitos/docs/2012-eee-aerial-spray-summary-1-23-13.pdf

 

Cranberry Sampling Report for 2010 Aerial Spray Operation (.pdf) Results of all analyses of cranberries for sumithrin revealed no detectable levels of sumithrin in any sample, whether taken prior to the aerial application event or after the event. The laboratory reported the Limit of Detection (LOD) was 2 parts per billion (ppb). Web link here:

 

Final Report: Aerial Adulticiding Intervention to Diminish Risk of Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus (EEEV), Southeast Massachusetts, 2010 (.pdf) As designed, the aerial mosquito control spray operation dramatically reduced the populations of mosquitoes in the treated area. The populations of mosquitoes considered to mainly feed upon mammals (and to pose greatest immediate risk to people) were diminished by 90%; overall, mosquito populations in the treated area were reduced by 80%. Although mosquitoes collected prior to the intervention repeatedly were found to harbor EEEV, none sampled immediately after the intervention were infected, nor were those sampled between August 10th -20th. Web link here: http://www.mass.gov/agr/mosquito/docs/mepa/2010-EEEv-AERIAL-SPRAY-SUMMARY.pdf

Efficacy of aerial spraying of mosquito adulticide in reducing incidence of West Nile Virus, California, 2005 (.pdf) web link here:       http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/14/5/07-1347_article.htm

Impact of Aerial Spraying of Pyrethrin Insecticide on Culex pipiens and Culex tarsalis (Diptera: Culicidae) Abundance and West Nile Virus Infection Rates in an Urban/Suburban Area of Sacramento County, California (.pdf) web link here: http://www.westnile.ca.gov/news_multi_media/mos_cont_articles/16.pdf

West Nile Virus, Mosquito Management & Risk (.htm) – click this link to view a website on risk from pesticide use in mosquito control programs from the Department of Land Resources & Environmental Sciences at Montana State University.

Mosquito Management & Risk (.pdf) – click this link to view a paper on risk from pesticide use in mosquito control programs.

MMWR – June 3, 2005 / Vol. 54 / No. 21 (.pdf) – click this link to view a report on human exposure to mosquito control pesticides in Mississippi, North Carolina, and Virginia in 2002 and 2003. From the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Please see the full text here: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5421a1.htm

MMWR – June 11, 2003 / Vol. 52 / No. 27 (.pdf) – Click this link to view a report on surveillance for acute insecticide-related illness associated with mosquito-control efforts in nine states, 1999–2002. From the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Please see the full text here: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5227a1.htm

Cranberry Sampling for Anvil 10+10 in Southeastern Mass. (.pdf) – click this link to view a report on cranberry sampling after the aerial application of sumithrin in August, 2006. From the US Dept. of Health & Human Services. For direct access use this link: http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/HAC/pha/StateofMA-CranberrySampling/CranberrySamplingHC030907.pdf

A Human-Health Risk Assessment for West Nile Virus and Insecticides Used in Mosquito Management (.pdf) – click this link to view a report on human health risk assessment for pesticides used in mosquito control. From Montana State University. For direct access use this link: http://www.ehponline.org/members/2005/8667/8667.pdf

Pesticide Spraying for West Nile Virus Control and Emergency Department Asthma Visits in New York City, 2000 (.pdf) – click this link to a report on increased emergency room visits due to asthma exacerbations from possible pyrethroid exposure from mosquito control applications. For direct access check this website: http://www.ehponline.org/docs/2004/6946/abstract.html. Published in Environmental Health Perspectives Volume 112, Number 11, August 2004

Anvil® 10+10 Field Trails, Staten Island, NY – 2000 (.pdf) – click this link to a report on 4 field trails (aerial & ground) of Anvil® 10+10 on Staten Island, NY from August 27 – September 17, 2000.


CMMCP SURVEYS, PESTICIDE & EFFICACY STUDIES:

 

2014

 

Crowdsourcing for large-scale mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) sampling (.pdf) – performed with the USDA Agricultural Research Service, Arthropod-Borne Animal Disease Research Unit

 

Field Trials of FourStar® Bti CRG for Pre-Hatch Control of Mosquito Larvae in Selected Spring Brood Locations  (.pdf)

 

Aerial Mosquito Larval Control Program – Spring 2014 (.pdf)

 

Field Trials of FourStar® CRG for Control of Coquillettidia perturbans Larvae in Selected Cattail Locations (.pdf)

 

2014 Resident Survey – (.html) – (.pdf)

 

Bottle Assays of Field Collected Mosquitoes for Levels of Resistance to Anvil® 10+10 in Central Mass (.pdf)

 

2013

 

Bottle Assays of Field Collected Mosquitoes for Levels of Resistance to Anvil® 10+10 in Central Mass (.pdf)

 

2013 Resident Survey (.html) – (.pdf)

 

Aerial Mosquito Larval Control Program – Spring 2013 (.pdf)

 

Ovary Dissections for Parity Determination of Field-Collected Coquillettidia perturbans Mosquitoes in Central Mass (.pdf)

 

2013 Board of Health Survey (.html) – (.pdf)

 

Evaluation of Mavrik® Perimeter (Tau-fluvalinate) Barrier Treatment (.pdf)

 

Ultra Low Volume Efficacy of Anvil 10+10 (sumithrin) (.pdf)

 

Vector-Host Interactions and Epizootiology of Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus in Massachusetts (.pdf)

 

2012

 

Aerial Mosquito Larval Control Program – Spring 2012 (.pdf)

 

Ultra Low Volume Efficacy of Anvil 10+10 (sumithrin) after Confirmation of Virus (.pdf)

 

2012 Resident Survey (.html) – (.pdf)

 

Bottle Assays of Field Collected Mosquitoes for Levels of Resistance to Anvil® 10+10 in Central Mass (.pdf)

 

 

2011

 

Aerial Mosquito Larval Control Program – Spring 2011; (.pdf)

 

Bottle Assays of Field Collected Mosquitoes for Levels of Resistance to Anvil® 10+10 in Central Mass (.pdf)

 

2011 Resident Survey (.html) – (.pdf)

5 year analysis of our Resident Surveys (.html)

 

Efficacy Trials of the Central Mass. Mosquito Control Adulticide Program - 2011 (.pdf)

 

 

2010

Aerial Mosquito Larval Control Program – Spring 2010; (.pdf)

2010 Resident Survey (.html) – (.pdf)

 

Bottle Assays of Field Collected Mosquitoes for Levels of Resistance to Anvil® 10+10 in Central Mass (.pdf)

 

2009

 

Aerial Mosquito Larval Control Program – Spring 2009; (.pdf)

 

2009 Resident Survey (.html) – (.pdf)

 

Bottle Assays of Field Collected Mosquitoes for Levels of Resistance to Anvil® 10+10 in Central Mass. (.pdf)

 

2008

 

Bottle Assays of Field Collected Mosquitoes for Levels of Resistance to Anvil® 10+10 in Central Mass. (.pdf)

 

2008 Resident Survey (.html) – (.pdf)

 

Evaluation of a Deltamethrin Barrier Treatment (.pdf)

 

2007

 

Efficacy of the CMMCP Adulticide Protocol – 2007; (.pdf)

 

Bottle Assays of Field Collected Mosquitoes for Levels of Resistance to ANVIL® 10+10 In Central Massachusetts; (.pdf)

 

Aerial Mosquito Larval Control Program – Spring 2007; (.pdf)

 

2007 Resident Survey (.html) – (.pdf)

 

2007 Larval Control Efficacy; (htm)

 

WNV Intervention – Marlboro MA August 2007 (.pdf)


 

REPELLENT STUDIES:

 

Information on Picaridin, an alternative repellent: Picaridin General Fact Sheet | Picaridin Technical Fact Sheet | EPA New Pesticide Fact Sheet

Comparative Efficacy of Insect Repellents Against Mosquito Bites (.pdf) click this link to a report on comparison between DEET and other products. Published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Mosquitoes and Mosquito Repellents: A Clinicians Guide (.htm) click this link for scientific and detailed information to guide you in seeking ways to minimize mosquito bites. From the Annals of Internal Medicine website.


CMMCP Fact Sheets on Pesticide Use:

Dose Relationships in Toxicology ( 17k) - from the EXTOXNET website

Risk Assessment Background ( 14k) - from the EXTOXNET website

Mammalian Toxicity of Pesticides and other Common Substances ( 6k) - gathered from several sources, including the Merck Index (a.k.a. The Chemist's Bible)


The Environmental Protection Agency

Office of Pesticide Programs

Pesticides and Mosquito Control

Joint Statement on Mosquito Control - EPA & CDC

Fact Sheets published by EPA

FYI:

·        Larvicides for Mosquito Control ( 37k)

·        Synthetic Pyrethroids for Mosquito Control ( 36k)

Q&A:

·        Pesticides and Mosquito Control ( 20k)

·        Malathion and Mosquito Control ( 19k)

·        Malathion Preliminary Risk Assessment ( 19k)

NOTE: CMMCP has not used Malathion since 1990; this link is provided for informational purposes only.


 

 

DISCLAIMER -- The outside links provided on this page are provided for information purposes only. The listing of these links does not imply endorsement by CMMCP, nor does CMMCP make any claims as to the accuracy of the information contained in the information found at each link.